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2018年江苏高考二轮专题限时集训(3)单项填空:情态动词

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专题限时集训(三) 单项填空 情态动词和
                           虚拟语气

                          (对应学生用书第       121 页)
1.(2017·连云港、宿迁、徐州高三三模)—Did you pass your driving test?

     —Yes,otherwise I________to the picnic next month.
     A.couldn't drive
     B.couldn't have driven
     C.won't drive
     D.wouldn't have driven
     A [考查虚拟语气。句意:“你驾照考试通过了么?”“是的,不然的
     话我下个月就不能开车去野餐了。”对将来的虚拟。]
2.(2017·苏锡常镇高三二模         )—Nowadays people seem to become more and more 
   selfish.
     —How much better life would be if we________to the values of the past!
     A.were to return             B.had returned
     C.return                     D.will return
     A [考查虚拟语气。句意:“现在人们好像变得越来越自私了。”“要
     是我们能够继续过去的价值观的话,我们的生活将会好得多”。根据句

     意可知,此处是对将来情况的假设,从句谓语动词可以用                         were  to  do,
     should+do 或过去式。]
3.(2017·扬州高三一模)         I think that conflict is unlikely to happen,but if it 
   ________,  the interests of both China and the U.S.would be severely 
   damaged.
     A.would occur                B.had occurred
     C.were to occur              D.occurs
     C [考查虚拟语气。句意:我认为冲突不太可能发生,但是如果发生了,
     中美双方的利益都会受到严重的损害。根据句中的                      is unlikely to happen 可
     知冲突目前并没有发生,所以这种假设是针对将来而言的,此时从句谓
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     语可以用一般过去时态,were+不定式或者                 should+动词原形,主句谓语
     用 would/should/could/might+动词原形。所以答案为         C。]
4.(2017·南京、盐城高三一模)If          53,667   people________differently,Hillary 
   Clinton would have keys to the White House.
     A.voted                      B.had voted
     C.should vote                D.should have voted
     B [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果             53  667 人投了不同的票,希拉里·克林顿
     就拥有了白宫的钥匙。根据语境可知,If                 引导的状语从句是对与过去事实
     相反的情况的假设,谓语动词应用过去完成时。故选                       B 项。]
5.(2017·无锡高三一模)—You        could hardly imagine what great trouble John had 
   reserving a hotel room during the G20 summit.
     —He________in my apartment.It was vacant as I was abroad then.
     A.must have stayed
     B.should have stayed 
     C.could have stayed
     D.would have stayed
     C [考查虚拟语气。“情态动词+have                done”表示虚拟语气。“你几乎
     不能想象    John 在 G20 峰会期间预订一间宾馆客房有多么困难。”“他本
     可以住在我的公寓里的。因为那时候我在国外,房子是空着的。”根据

     句意可知,此处表示“本来可以做某事而没有做”,所以要用                           could have 
     done。]
6.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(六))

     —Why are children so excited?

     —Because  the weekend is coming and they________get up early at the 
     weekend.
     A.needn't                    B.mustn't
     C.wouldn't                   D.shouldn't
     A [考查情态动词。句意:“为什么孩子们那么兴奋?”“因为周末就
     要到来了,他们在周末没有必要早起了。”根据“周末没有必要早起了”

     可知,用    needn't。mustn't“禁止,不许”;wouldn't“不愿意”;
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     shouldn't“不应该”。] 
                                                 【导学号:25874046】
7.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(七))

     —With so much difficult work to do,you________have slept well these days.

     —Yes.That's why my eyes are so red.
     A.mustn't                    B.couldn't
     C.shouldn't                  D.needn't
     B [考查情态动词。句意:“有如此多困难的工作要做,你这些天一定
     没有睡好。”“的确如此。这就是我的眼睛如此泛红的原因。”couldn't 
     have done 可用来表示对过去情况的否定推测。]
8.江苏省名校高三入学摸底卷(考点卷一)If                  the  criminal  were  honest,
   he________a clean breast of the whole thing long ago.
     A.made                       B.had made
     C.would make                 D.would have made
     D [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果这个罪犯诚实的话,他很久以前就会坦
     白交代所有的事情了。根据句意可知,主句表示与过去事实相反的情况,

     故谓语应用     would have done 形式。]
9.(江苏省名校高三入学摸底卷(考点卷二))What                a pity! Five minutes earlier and 
   I________my favorite star.
     A.will not miss              B.wouldn't have missed
     C.hadn't missed              D.haven't missed
     B [考查虚拟语气。句意:多么遗憾啊!要是早五分钟的话我就不会错
     过我最喜欢的明星了。根据句意可知,此处表示与过去事实相反的假设,

     故应用   would have done 结构。]
10.(江苏省名校高三入学摸底卷(题型卷))She               wasn't feeling very well.Otherwise 
   she ________ the meeting so early.
     A.hadn't have left           B.wouldn't leave
     C.didn't leave               D.wouldn't have left
     D [考查虚拟语气。句意:她当时身体很不舒服。否则她不会那么早离
     开会议的。第二句用了虚拟语气,且表示与过去事实相反,此时句子谓
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     语用  would/could/might/should+have+done,故选   D。] 
                                                 【导学号:25874047】
11.(2017·南京市四校第一学期联考试题)________to             him the last time you saw 
   him,you would know what to do now.
     A.Did you speak              B.Were you to speak
     C.Have you spoken            D.Had you spoken
     D [考查虚拟语气和倒装。句意:如果你上次见他的时候和他交谈的话,
     你现在就知道该做什么了。本句是错综时间条件句,根据句意可知,从

     句描述的是与过去事实相反的情况,应用                  had  done 的形式。此处从句中
     的 if 省略了,从句需要同时使用部分倒装,即把                  had 提到主语前。故选
     D 项。]
12.(江苏省四星级学校         2017 年 4 月联考) Had I taken my umbrella with me when 
   I came out in the morning,I________wet now.
     A.shouldn't have been
     B.hadn't been
     C.wasn't
     D.shouldn't be
     D [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我早上出门时带了伞,现在我就不会被
     淋湿了。根据句中的时间状语“now”可知,此处是对与现在事实相反的情
     况的假设,应用       would/should/could/might do 形式。故选  D。]
13.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(一))Without                   your     ticket,
   I________able to see the exhibition of old photographs tomorrow.
     A.am not                     B.wouldn't be
     C.hadn't been                D.wouldn't have been
     B [考查虚拟语气。句意:要是没有你的票的话,我明天就不能去看老
     照片展了。根据句意及句中的“tomorrow”可知,此处表示与将来事实相反
     的情况,句子谓语应用          would do 形式。故选     B。]
14.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(二))I________to              the movies if I had 
   known you were going to.
     A.went                       B.had gone
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     C.would go                   D.would have gone
     D [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我早知道你要去看电影,我也会去的。
     根据句意可知,此处表示与过去事实相反的情况,主句应用                          would   have 
     done 结构。故选     D。]
15.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(三))

     —Let's go to Chongqing together tomorrow.

     —I'd like to,but the highway to Chongqing________temporarily closed if the 
     heavy fog didn't fade away.
     A.would be                   B.will be
     C.is                         D.would have been
     A [考查虚拟语气。句意:“我们明天一起去重庆吧。”“我很乐意去。
     但是如果大雾不慢慢消散的话,去重庆的高速公路会临时封路的。”根

     据句中的“tomorrow”“if ...didn't fade away”可知,空处所在句表示对将来事
     实的假设,故应用        would be。]
16.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(四))If              I________hard in the past,I 
   would pass the exam easily tomorrow.
     A.studied                    B.were to study
     C.should study               D.had studied
     D [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我过去努力学习,我明天就会轻松通过
     考试。根据题干中的“in          the past”可知,此处表示对过去的情况的虚拟,
     故用过去完成时。故答案选            D 项。]
17.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(五))                His  book  is  a  bestseller 
   now.Without his wife's persuasion the book ________probably.
     A.isn't published
     B.won't be published
     C.wouldn't be published
     D.wouldn't have been published
     D [考查虚拟语气。句意:他的书现在是一本畅销书。要是没有他妻子
     的劝说,这本书也许就不会被出版了。根据句意及句中的“Without”可知,
     此处表示与过去事实相反的情况,故应用“should/would/could/might+
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     have+done”结构。]
18.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(八))But               for his generous donations,
   the animal shelter________two years ago.
     A.would have been closed
     B.was closed
     C.would be closed
     D.had been closed
     A [考查虚拟语气。句意:要不是他的慷慨捐助,这个动物收容所在两
     年前就被关闭了。根据          But   for 引出的虚拟条件及时间状语“two             years 
     ago”可知,空格处表示对与过去情况相反的事实的虚拟,应用                         would have 
     done 结构且   shelter 与 close 之间是被动关系,应用被动语态。故答案选
     A 项。]
19.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(九))               If I________my umbrella with 
   me when I came out this morning,I should not be wet now.
     A.took                       B.had taken
     C.would have taken           D.were to take
     B [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我早上出门的时候带伞了的话,我现在
     就不会被淋湿了。根据句意可知,空处表示与过去事实相反的情况,故

     选 B。]
20.(2017·江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(十))He                described all of the tourist 
   attractions in detail as if he________all of them in person.
     A.visited                    B.would visit
     C.would have visited         D.had visited
     D [考查虚拟语气。句意:他详细地描述了所有旅游景点,好像他亲自
     去参观过一样。根据“as          if”及句意可知,此处考查虚拟语气的用法,表示
     与过去事实相反的情况,应用过去完成时。故选                     D。]
21.(2017·江苏省苏北四市(淮安、宿迁、连云港、徐州)高三上学期期中考试)
   —So boring and exhausted! I'd rather I hadn't been invited to the party.
     —Oh,no.If so,I________a quiet night at home.
     A.didn't enjoy
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     B.hadn't enjoyed
     C.couldn't have enjoyed
     D.couldn't enjoy
     C [考查情态动词。句意:“是那么的无聊和劳累!我宁愿没有被邀请
     参加这个晚会。”“哦,不,如果那样的话,我在家里不可能享受到一
     个宁静的夜晚了。”此处是虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反的愿望,主

     句中用   would/ could/ might +have+动词过去分词。]
22.(2016—2017  学年江苏省南通市如东县、徐州市丰县高三                   10 月联考)      The 
   door________open,no matter how hard she pushed.
     A.shouldn't                  B.couldn't
     C.wouldn't                   D.mightn't
     C [考查情态动词。句意:无论她怎么努力去推,这扇门就是打不开。
     情态动词    will 事物的倾向和特性,意为“总是,会”。因后半句用的是
     一般过去时,因此空处应用            will 的过去式   would。]
23.(2016—2017  学年江苏省启东中学高三上学期第一次月考)Jack                   described his 
   father,who________a brave boy many years ago,as a strong­willed man.
     A.might have been            B.would have been
     C.should have been           D.must have been
     D [考查情态动词。杰克认为他父亲是一个意志坚强的人。由此可以推
     测出,他的父亲多年前肯定是一个很勇敢的男孩。must                       have done 对于过
     去情况的肯定推测,意为“某人肯定做了某事”。]
24.(2017·江苏省如东高级中学、前黄高级中学、栟茶中学、马塘中学四校高
   三 12 月联考)—Being young generations in China,________they take up all of 
   the challenges and opportunities that   this country offers?
     —Absolutely.
     A.mustn't                    B.mightn't
     C.shouldn't                  D.couldn't
     C [考查情态动词。句意为:“作为中国的年轻一代,难道他们不应该
     接受这个国家提供的所有挑战和机会吗?shouldn't”“难道不应该”,符
     合语境。]
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

25.(2017·江苏省苏州市高三第一学期期中考试)

     —It was such a difficult examination that a lot of students were unable to finish 
     it on time.
     —That's the case.It's hard to accept the fact that over 90% of my 
     classmates________.
     A.should fail                B.should have failed
     C.will fail                  D.may fail
     B [考查情态动词。句意:“这是如此难的考试以至于很多学生不能准
     时完成它。”“是这样的。超过              90%的同学竟然没有通过,这个事实难
     以接受。”should     have done 有两种含义,一种是“本来应该做某件事”
     ,还有一种含义是“居然已经做了某件事”。]
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